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Is It Necessary To Mention References In Your Essay?

When writing out or sketching out a piece of essay, students need to borrow and gather different pieces of evidence from varied sources, as these different pieces of information enrich and enhance the vantage points the writer lays onto the paper.

Every writer buttresses their plot points with other sources of literature material, as this adds credibility and value to their writing, which is otherwise missing. However, students make the mistake of not referencing and citing their work effectively, as due to the chaos and disorganized management techniques they struggle with, they make the inevitable mistake of not organizing their references appropriately.

Failure to effectively reference their work leads them to create work that is plagiarized, which pulls them further away from their goal of securing a good GPA.

Owing to this reason, students should reference their work effectually. There are several styles of referencing a piece of writing, which are inclusive of APA, MLA, Turabian & Harvard, which mostly entail their specific guidelines and citing models.

Follow through to understand the two different components of referencing a paper, which are in-text citations and reference list citations.

In-Cite Citations

Through this citing, the writer weaves the citation within the sentence when quoting a specific individual or when paraphrasing a given statement. However, this information provided is not complete; instead only the critical portion of the data is included.

Reference Lists

Through this citing, the writer compiles together complete bibliographical information regarding a quote or piece of information and settles it below the content in the form of a list.

These two citing methods are crucial for the student to understand when citing work. However, it is also essential for the student to know that each subject has individual requirements and guidelines attached to them, which therefore necessitates the writer to cite their work accordingly.

  • APA (American Psychological Association)

This style of referencing is primarily utilised by subjects such as Psychology, Sciences, and Education.

  • Chicago/Turabian

This style of referencing is made use of by subjects such as Humanities.

  • MLA (Modern Language Association)

Subjects such as History, Fine Arts & Business use this style of referencing.

Mla Referencing

  • Citations For Books- Print

Format: Last, First M. Book. City: Publisher, Year Published. Print.

Example: Roy, Arundhati. New York City, Random House, 1997. Print.

  • Citations For Books- Online

Format: Last, First M. Book. City: Publisher, Year Published. Website Title. Web. Day Month Year Accessed.

Example: Sparks, Kerrelyn. Forbidden Nights with a Vampire. New York City: Avon, 2009. Open Library. Web. 23rd July’19.

  • Citations For Books- Database

Format: Last, First M. Book. City: Publisher, Year Published. Database Name. Web. Date Month Year Accessed.

Example: Gruen, Sara. Water for Elephants. New York City: Algonquin Books. Good Reads. Web. 22nd July’19.

Harvard Referencing

  • Citations For A Book With One Author:

Format: Last name, first initial. (Year). Title. Edition (if not the first edition of the book). City of publication: Publisher.

Example: Sparks, N. (1999) Message In A Bottle. New York City: Grand Central Publishing.

  • Citations For Online Sources

Format: Author (Year). Title of web document/page. [Online]. (Last updated: if this information is available). Available at: URL [Accessed date: Day/Month/Year]

Example: Kerry Mcdermott (2019). Scarlett Johansson’s Jaw-Dropping Engagement Ring Outshone Every Star At Comic-Con. [Online]. Available at: https://www.vogue.co.uk/article/scarlett-johansson-engagement-ring.

  • Citations For Newspaper Article- Both Online & Print

Format: Last name, First initial. (Year). Article title. Newspaper name, Page/s.

Example: Knight, S. (2019). Does Extinction Rebellion Have the Solution to the Climate Crisis?, New Yorker.

  • Citations For Magazine Articles – Both Online & Print

(Print)Format: Last name, First initial. (Year). Article title. Magazine name, volume number, Page/s.

(Online) Format: Last name, First initial. (Year, Month Day). Article Title. Magazine name, [online] Page/s. Retrieved from: URL

Example: Newbold, A. 2019, July 23rd). Margot Robbie Channels Sharon Tate In Fresh-From-The-Catwalk Chanel Couture. Vogue, [online]. Retrieved from: https://www.vogue.co.uk/article/margot-robbie-chanel-once-upon-a-time-in-hollywood-premiere.

APA Referencing

  • Citations For Books- Print

Format: Author, A. (Year of Publication). Title of work. Publisher City, State: Publisher.

Example: Meyers, S. (2008) Breaking Dawn. New York City, New York: Little, Brown and Company

  • Citations For Newspaper Article- Print

Format: Author, A. (Year, Month Date of Publication). Article title. Newspaper Title, pp. xx-xx.

Example: Griswold, E. (2019, July 23rd). Yoga Reconsiders the Role of the Guru in the Age of #MeToo. New Yorker.

  • Citations For Magazine- Online

Format: Author, A.A. (Year, Month of Publication). Article title. Magazine Title, Volume (Issue), Retrieved from http://xxxx

Example: Owens, M. (2019, July). Fashion Designer Adam Lippes Makes His Home In This High-Style Brooklyn Apartment. Architectural Digest.

Chicago Referencing

  • Citation For Book-Print

Format: Last, First M. Book Title. City: Publisher, Year of publication.

Example: Rowling, J.K.  Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone. London: Bloomsbury Publishing, 1997.

  • Citation For Magazine

Format: Last name, First name. “Article Title.” Magazine Title, Month Year of publication.

Example: Harvey, J. “Shop The Street Style: How To Wear A Tank Top Now.” Vogue, July 2019.

In a nutshell, it can be settled upon and established that referencing a piece of writing is of paramount importance, as these elements enable the student to improve their writing while simultaneously manage to avoid the mistake of including plagiarism into their work.

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