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Is It Necessary To Mention References In Your Essay?

Look at it any from any perspective or vista of the spectrum, and it becomes certain as to how important it is to include evidence and different pieces of information into a narrative, to buttress its underlying layering and to push forward a viewpoint.

These borrowed and gathered together pieces of information hold value, as they tie together loose ends hanging around in a narrative. They add credibility to an otherwise lacklustre narrative, and they improve the viewpoints jotted down by the writer. However, students tend to make the inevitable mistake of not referencing their work, which is providing credit to the due author, scholar or source, as not recognising and establishing the source of a given piece of information can pull the writer’s paper into the deep trenches of plagiarism.

This, therefore, inches the student further away from securing the sort of academic performance or GPA they’ve visualised for themselves, as they start teetering on the edges of creating poor writing. Therefore, when understanding the importance of referencing a piece of essay, students need to understand the variety of patterns and forms in which a piece of writing can be referenced, which are inclusive of Harvard, Turabian, APA, & MLA.

These different referencing styles comprise of different citations styles, which are mainly the following two:

 

Reference Lists:

Through this sort of citation, the writer binds together the complete bibliographical information about a given piece of information and places it below the document or content in the form of a list.

 

In-Text Citations:

Through this sort of citation, the writer settles the citation within the content while quoting a given author, scholar or established viewpoint. However, this piece of information is merely a sliver of the entire bibliographical information, as only the important components are lodged into the content.

These two different models of citations are of paramount importance for students to understand.

 

Nevertheless, students must also understand that each given piece of essay or assigned writing task entails its own set of guidelines and specifications that need to be followed meticulously, to rake in the expected results.

  • APA (American Psychological Association)

Subjects such as Psychology, Sciences & Education primarily harness the use of this style of referencing.

  • Chicago/Turabian

Humanities subjects primarily use this style of referencing.

  • MLA (Modern Language Association)

This referencing is primarily utilised by subjects such as History, Fine Arts & Business.

MLA Referencing

  • Citations For Books- Print

Format: Last, First M. Book. City: Publisher, Year Published. Print.

Example: Sparks, Nicholas. The Best Of Me. New York City. Grand Central Publishing, 2011. Print.

  • Citations For Books- Online

Format: Last, First M. Book. City: Publisher, Year Published. Website Title. Web. Day Month Year Accessed.

Example: Chevalier, Tracy. Girl with A Pearl Earring. New York City: Dutton, 2000. Open Library. Web 16th August’19.

  • Citations For Books- Database

Format: Last, First M. Book. City: Publisher, Year Published. Database Name. Web. Date Month Year Accessed.

Example: Priest, Cherie. Boneshaker. New York City: Tor Books, 2009. Good Reads. Web. 16th August’19.

Harvard Referencing

  • Citations For A Book With One Author:

Format: Last name, first initial. (Year). Title. Edition (if not the first edition of the book). City of publication: Publisher.

Example: Lee, H. (2015). Set A Watchman. New York City: HarperCollins.

  • Citations For Online Sources

Format: Author (Year). Title of web document/page. [Online]. (Last updated: if this information is available). Available at: URL [Accessed date: Day/Month/Year]

Example: Bill McKibben (2019). Don’t Burn Trees to Fight Climate Change—Let Them Grow. [Online]. Available at: https://www.newyorker.com/news/daily-comment/dont-burn-trees-to-fight-climate-changelet-them-grow.                                                           

  • Citations For Newspaper Article- Both Online & Print

Format: Last name, First initial. (Year). Article title. Newspaper name, Page/s

Example [Online]: Cobb, J. (2019) Stacey Abrams’s Fight for a Fair Vote. New Yorker.

 

 

  • Citations For Magazine Articles – Both Online & Print

(Online) Format: Last name, First initial. (Year, Month Day). Article Title. Magazine name, [online] Page/s. Retrieved from: URL.

(Print)Format: Last name, First initial. (Year). Article title. Magazine name, volume number, Page/s.

Example [Online]: Pithers, E. (2019 August 16th). Bread Winners: Meet The Women Baking Their Way Into Employment. Vogue, [Online]. Retrieved from: https://www.vogue.co.uk/article/luminary-bakery-meghan-markle.

APA Referencing

  • Citations For Books- Print

Format: Author, A. (Year of Publication). Title of work. Publisher City, State: Publisher.

Example: Jones, T. (2018). An American Marriage. New York City, New York: HarperCollins.

  • Citations For Newspaper Article- Print

Format: Author, A. (Year, Month Date of Publication). Article title. Newspaper Title, pp. xx-xx.

Example: Goldberg, M. (2019, August 16th). With Trump as President, the World Is Spiraling Into Chaos. The New York Times.

  • Citations For Magazine- Online

Format: Author, A.A. (Year, Month of Publication). Article title. Magazine Title, Volume (Issue), Retrieved from http://xxx

Example: Newbold, Alice. (2019, August). Is Anyone Else Suffering From Yacht Fatigue?. Vogue, Retrieved from https://www.vogue.co.uk/article/yacht-fatigue.

On the whole, it can be established that referencing an essay is of primary importance, as these elements adhere to the academic conventions laid out for writing and they simultaneously inject formality and nuance into a piece of writing.

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